Attribution Reporting

Measure when user action (such as an ad click or view) leads to a conversion, without using cross-site identifiers.

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Caution

The Attribution Reporting API was previously known as the Conversion Measurement API.

Implementation status #

Glossary #

You may also want to consult the complete Privacy Sandbox glossary.

  • Adtech platforms: companies that provide software and tools to enable brands or agencies to target, deliver, and analyze their digital advertising.
  • Advertisers: companies paying for advertising.
  • Publishers: companies that display ads on their websites.
  • Click-through conversion: conversion that is attributed to an ad click.
  • View-through conversion: conversion that is attributed to an ad impression (if the user doesn't interact with the ad, then later converts).

Who needs to know about this API: adtech platforms, advertisers, and publishers #

  • Adtech platforms such as demand-side platforms are likely to be interested in using this API to support functionality that currently relies on third-party cookies.
  • Advertisers and publishers relying on custom code for advertising or conversion attribution measurement may similarly be interested in using this API to replace existing techniques.
  • Advertisers and publishers relying on adtech platforms for advertising or conversion measurement don't need to use the API directly, but the rationale for this API may be of interest, particularly if you are working with adtech platforms that may integrate the API.

There may be use cases that are non-ads-related. Engage to share your use case!

Why is this API needed? #

In order to measure the effectiveness of ad campaigns, advertisers and publishers need to know when an ad click or view leads to a conversion, such as a purchase or sign-up. Today, ad conversion attribution measurement often relies on third-party cookies. But browsers are restricting access to these.

This API is being designed and iterated on in order to address in a privacy-preserving way attribution use cases that were solved by third-party cookies.

How does the Attribution Reporting API compare to third-party cookies?

  • Unlike third-party cookies, it's purpose-built to measure conversions.
  • It's more private: it makes it difficult to recognize a user across two different top-level sites, for example to link publisher-side and advertiser-side user profiles.

How does the Attribution Reporting API work and what are its features? #

This API is being incubated and developed in the open. It is subject to change. Your feedback is welcome. See how to engage.

The Attribution Reporting API enables the measurement of two events that are linked together: an event on a publisher's website, such as a user viewing or clicking an ad, with a subsequent conversion on an advertiser site.

This API supports click-through conversion attribution measurement (available in the first implementation of this API, origin trial) and view-through attribution measurement (see public explainer).

The API offers two types of attribution reports than can be used for different use cases:

  • Event-level reports associate a particular ad click or view (on the ad side) with data on the conversion side. To preserve user privacy by preventing the joining of user identity across sites, conversion-side data is very limited, and noised. As an extra privacy protection, reports are not sent immediately.
  • Aggregate reports are not tied with a specific event on the ad side. These reports provide richer, higher-fidelity conversion data than event-level reports. A combination of privacy techniques across cryptography, distribution of trust, and differential privacy help reduce the risk of identity joining across sites. Both report types can be used simultaneously. They're complementary. Other features that are designed in this API include cross-device attribution reporting and app-to-web attribution reporting.

Engage and share feedback #

Find out more #

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