"incognito" manifest key with either
"split" to specify how this
extension will behave if allowed to run in incognito mode. Using
"not_allowed" to prevent this
extension from being enabled in incognito mode.
Only extensions can choose. Apps will always use the default value for the app type;
for Chrome apps and
"split" for installable web and legacy packaged apps.
The default for extensions and Chrome apps is
"spanning", which means that it will run in a single
shared process. Any events or messages from an incognito tab will be sent to the shared process,
with an incognito flag indicating where it came from. Because incognito tabs cannot use this
shared process, an extension using the
"spanning" incognito mode will not be able to load pages
from its extension package into the main frame of an incognito tab.
The default for installable web apps and legacy packaged apps is
"split", which means that all app
pages in an incognito window will run in their own incognito process. If the app or extension
contains a background page, that will also run in the incognito process. This incognito process runs
along side the regular process, but has a separate memory-only cookie store. Each process sees
events and messages only from its own context (for example, the incognito process will see only
incognito tab updates). The processes are unable to communicate with each other.
The extension cannot be enabled in incognito mode. Available from Chrome 47.
How to choose
As a rule of thumb, if your extension or app needs to load a tab in an incognito browser, use split incognito behavior. If your extension or app needs to be logged into a remote server use spanning incognito behavior.