Shared Modules are permissionless collections of resources that can be shared between extensions. Common uses of Shared Modules are:
- As an API. You can distribute a Shared Module that can provide HTML, JS, and other resources to provide an API that can be updated independently of the extensions that depend on it.
- As a download optimization. The Shared Module contains common resources used by many extensions. It's downloaded once, the first time a dependent extension is installed.
Shared Modules are used through two manifest fields:
The export field indicates an extension is a Shared Module that exports its resources:
"name": "My Shared Module",
// Optional list of extension IDs explicitly allowed to
// import this Shared Module's resources. If no allowlist
// is given, all extensions are allowed to import it.
// Note: no permissions are allowed in Shared Modules
The import field is used by extensions and apps to declare that they depend on the resources from particular Shared Modules:
"name": "My Importing Extension",
"minimum_version": "0.5" // optional
Shared Module resources are accessed by a reserved path _modules/SHARED_MODULE_ID in the root of your importing extension. For example, to include the script
foo.js from a Shared Module with ID "cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc", use this path from the root of your extension:
If the importing extension has ID "aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa", then the full URL to resources in the Shared Module is:
Note that since resources from Shared Modules are overlaid into the origin of the importing extension, all privileges granted to the importing extension are available to code in Shared Modules. Also, the Shared Module can access resources in the importing extension by using absolute paths.
Install / uninstall
A Shared Module is automatically installed from the Chrome Web Store when needed by a dependent extension and automatically uninstalled when the last extension which references it is uninstalled. To upload an extension that uses a Shared Module, the Shared Module must be published in the Chrome Web Store and the extension must not be restricted from using the Shared Module by its allowlist.
During development, you will need to manually install any Shared Modules your extension uses. Automatic installs do not happen for extensions that are side-loaded or loaded as unpacked extensions. For locally installed, unpacked Shared Modules, you must use the key field to ensure the Shared Modules use the correct IDs.