Welcome What's new in Chrome extensions Getting started API Reference Samples
Welcome What's new in Chrome extensions Getting started API Reference Samples

chrome.input.ime

  • Description

    Use the chrome.input.ime API to implement a custom IME for Chrome OS. This allows your extension to handle keystrokes, set the composition, and manage the candidate window.

  • Permissions
    input

Manifest

You must declare the "input" permission in the extension manifest to use the input.ime API. For example:

{
"name": "My extension",
...
"permissions": [
"input"
],
...
}

Examples

The following code creates an IME that converts typed letters to upper case.

var context_id = -1;

chrome.input.ime.onFocus.addListener(function(context) {
context_id = context.contextID;
});

chrome.input.ime.onKeyEvent.addListener(
function(engineID, keyData) {
if (keyData.type == "keydown" && keyData.key.match(/^[a-z]$/)) {
chrome.input.ime.commitText({"contextID": context_id,
"text": keyData.key.toUpperCase()});
return true;
} else {
return false;
}
}
);

For an example of using this API, see the basic input.ime sample. For other examples and for help in viewing the source code, see Samples.

Summary

Types

AssistiveWindowButton

Chrome 85+

ID of buttons in assistive window.

Type

"undo"

, or

"addToDictionary"

AssistiveWindowProperties

Chrome 85+

Properties of the assistive window.

Properties

  • announceString

    string optional

    Strings for ChromeVox to announce.

  • type

    "undo"

  • visible

    boolean

    Sets true to show AssistiveWindow, sets false to hide.

AssistiveWindowType

Chrome 85+

Type of assistive window.

Value

"undo"

AutoCapitalizeType

Chrome 69+

The auto-capitalize type of the text field.

Type

"characters"

,

"words"

,
or

"sentences"

InputContext

Describes an input Context

Properties

  • autoCapitalize
    Chrome 69+

    The auto-capitalize type of the text field.

  • autoComplete

    boolean

    Whether the text field wants auto-complete.

  • autoCorrect

    boolean

    Whether the text field wants auto-correct.

  • contextID

    number

    This is used to specify targets of text field operations. This ID becomes invalid as soon as onBlur is called.

  • shouldDoLearning

    boolean

    Chrome 68+

    Whether text entered into the text field should be used to improve typing suggestions for the user.

  • spellCheck

    boolean

    Whether the text field wants spell-check.

  • Type of value this text field edits, (Text, Number, URL, etc)

InputContextType

Chrome 44+

Type of value this text field edits, (Text, Number, URL, etc)

Type

"text"

,

"search"

,

"tel"

,

"url"

,

"email"

,

"number"

,

"password"

,
or

"null"

KeyboardEvent

See http://www.w3.org/TR/DOM-Level-3-Events/#events-KeyboardEvent

Properties

  • altKey

    boolean optional

    Whether or not the ALT key is pressed.

  • altgrKey

    boolean optional

    Chrome 79+

    Whether or not the ALTGR key is pressed.

  • capsLock

    boolean optional

    Whether or not the CAPS_LOCK is enabled.

  • code

    string

    Value of the physical key being pressed. The value is not affected by current keyboard layout or modifier state.

  • ctrlKey

    boolean optional

    Whether or not the CTRL key is pressed.

  • extensionId

    string optional

    The extension ID of the sender of this keyevent.

  • key

    string

    Value of the key being pressed

  • keyCode

    number optional

    The deprecated HTML keyCode, which is system- and implementation-dependent numerical code signifying the unmodified identifier associated with the key pressed.

  • requestId

    string optional

    (Deprecated) The ID of the request. Use the requestId param from the onKeyEvent event instead.

  • shiftKey

    boolean optional

    Whether or not the SHIFT key is pressed.

  • One of keyup or keydown.

KeyboardEventType

Chrome 44+

Type

"keyup"

, or

"keydown"

MenuItem

A menu item used by an input method to interact with the user from the language menu.

Properties

  • checked

    boolean optional

    Indicates this item should be drawn with a check.

  • enabled

    boolean optional

    Indicates this item is enabled.

  • id

    string

    String that will be passed to callbacks referencing this MenuItem.

  • label

    string optional

    Text displayed in the menu for this item.

  • style

    MenuItemStyle optional

    The type of menu item.

  • visible

    boolean optional

    Indicates this item is visible.

MenuItemStyle

Chrome 44+

The type of menu item. Radio buttons between separators are considered grouped.

Type

"check"

,

"radio"

,
or

"separator"

MenuParameters

Chrome 88+

Properties

  • engineID

    string

    ID of the engine to use.

  • items

    MenuItems to add or update. They will be added in the order they exist in the array.

MouseButton

Chrome 44+

Which mouse buttons was clicked.

Type

"left"

,

"middle"

,
or

"right"

ScreenType

Chrome 44+

The screen type under which the IME is activated.

Type

"normal"

,

"login"

,

"lock"

,
or

"secondary-login"

UnderlineStyle

Chrome 44+

The type of the underline to modify this segment.

Type

"underline"

,

"doubleUnderline"

,
or

"noUnderline"

WindowPosition

Chrome 44+

Where to display the candidate window. If set to 'cursor', the window follows the cursor. If set to 'composition', the window is locked to the beginning of the composition.

Type

"cursor"

, or

"composition"

Methods

clearComposition

chrome.input.ime.clearComposition(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)

Clear the current composition. If this extension does not own the active IME, this fails.

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context where the composition will be cleared

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: (success: boolean) => void

    • success

      boolean

commitText

chrome.input.ime.commitText(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)

Commits the provided text to the current input.

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context where the text will be committed

    • text

      string

      The text to commit

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: (success: boolean) => void

    • success

      boolean

deleteSurroundingText

chrome.input.ime.deleteSurroundingText(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)

Deletes the text around the caret.

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context where the surrounding text will be deleted.

    • engineID

      string

      ID of the engine receiving the event.

    • length

      number

      The number of characters to be deleted

    • offset

      number

      The offset from the caret position where deletion will start. This value can be negative.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

hideInputView

chrome.input.ime.hideInputView()

Hides the input view window, which is popped up automatically by system. If the input view window is already hidden, this function will do nothing.

keyEventHandled

chrome.input.ime.keyEventHandled(
  requestId: string,
  response: boolean,
)

Indicates that the key event received by onKeyEvent is handled. This should only be called if the onKeyEvent listener is asynchronous.

Parameters

  • requestId

    string

    Request id of the event that was handled. This should come from keyEvent.requestId

  • response

    boolean

    True if the keystroke was handled, false if not

sendKeyEvents

chrome.input.ime.sendKeyEvents(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)

Sends the key events. This function is expected to be used by virtual keyboards. When key(s) on a virtual keyboard is pressed by a user, this function is used to propagate that event to the system.

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context where the key events will be sent, or zero to send key events to non-input field.

    • keyData

      Data on the key event.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

setAssistiveWindowButtonHighlighted

chrome.input.ime.setAssistiveWindowButtonHighlighted(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)
Chrome 86+

Highlights/Unhighlights a button in an assistive window.

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • announceString

      string optional

      The text for the screenreader to announce.

    • The ID of the button

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context owning the assistive window.

    • highlighted

      boolean

      Whether the button should be highlighted.

    • windowType

      "undo"

      The window type the button belongs to.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

setAssistiveWindowProperties

chrome.input.ime.setAssistiveWindowProperties(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)
Chrome 85+

Shows/Hides an assistive window with the given properties.

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context owning the assistive window.

    • Properties of the assistive window.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: (success: boolean) => void

    • success

      boolean

setCandidates

chrome.input.ime.setCandidates(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)

Sets the current candidate list. This fails if this extension doesn't own the active IME

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • candidates

      object[]

      List of candidates to show in the candidate window

      • annotation

        string optional

        Additional text describing the candidate

      • candidate

        string

        The candidate

      • id

        number

        The candidate's id

      • label

        string optional

        Short string displayed to next to the candidate, often the shortcut key or index

      • parentId

        number optional

        The id to add these candidates under

      • usage

        object optional

        The usage or detail description of word.

        • body

          string

          The body string of detail description.

        • title

          string

          The title string of details description.

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context that owns the candidate window.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: (success: boolean) => void

    • success

      boolean

setCandidateWindowProperties

chrome.input.ime.setCandidateWindowProperties(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)

Sets the properties of the candidate window. This fails if the extension doesn't own the active IME

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • engineID

      string

      ID of the engine to set properties on.

    • properties

      object

      • auxiliaryText

        string optional

        Text that is shown at the bottom of the candidate window.

      • auxiliaryTextVisible

        boolean optional

        True to display the auxiliary text, false to hide it.

      • currentCandidateIndex

        number optional

        Chrome 84+

        The index of the current chosen candidate out of total candidates.

      • cursorVisible

        boolean optional

        True to show the cursor, false to hide it.

      • pageSize

        number optional

        The number of candidates to display per page.

      • totalCandidates

        number optional

        Chrome 84+

        The total number of candidates for the candidate window.

      • vertical

        boolean optional

        True if the candidate window should be rendered vertical, false to make it horizontal.

      • visible

        boolean optional

        True to show the Candidate window, false to hide it.

      • windowPosition

        WindowPosition optional

        Where to display the candidate window.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: (success: boolean) => void

    • success

      boolean

setComposition

chrome.input.ime.setComposition(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)

Set the current composition. If this extension does not own the active IME, this fails.

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context where the composition text will be set

    • cursor

      number

      Position in the text of the cursor.

    • segments

      object[] optional

      List of segments and their associated types.

      • end

        number

        Index of the character to end this segment after.

      • start

        number

        Index of the character to start this segment at

      • The type of the underline to modify this segment.

    • selectionEnd

      number optional

      Position in the text that the selection ends at.

    • selectionStart

      number optional

      Position in the text that the selection starts at.

    • text

      string

      Text to set

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: (success: boolean) => void

    • success

      boolean

setCursorPosition

chrome.input.ime.setCursorPosition(
  parameters: object,
  callback?: function,
)

Set the position of the cursor in the candidate window. This is a no-op if this extension does not own the active IME.

Parameters

  • parameters

    object

    • candidateID

      number

      ID of the candidate to select.

    • contextID

      number

      ID of the context that owns the candidate window.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: (success: boolean) => void

    • success

      boolean

setMenuItems

chrome.input.ime.setMenuItems(
  parameters: MenuParameters,
  callback?: function,
)

Adds the provided menu items to the language menu when this IME is active.

Parameters

  • parameters
  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

updateMenuItems

chrome.input.ime.updateMenuItems(
  parameters: MenuParameters,
  callback?: function,
)

Updates the state of the MenuItems specified

Parameters

  • parameters
  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

Events

onActivate

chrome.input.ime.onActivate.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

This event is sent when an IME is activated. It signals that the IME will be receiving onKeyPress events.

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (engineID: string, screen: ScreenType) => void

onAssistiveWindowButtonClicked

chrome.input.ime.onAssistiveWindowButtonClicked.addListener(
  callback: function,
)
Chrome 85+

This event is sent when a button in an assistive window is clicked.

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (details: object) => void

onBlur

chrome.input.ime.onBlur.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

This event is sent when focus leaves a text box. It is sent to all extensions that are listening to this event, and enabled by the user.

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (contextID: number) => void

    • contextID

      number

onCandidateClicked

chrome.input.ime.onCandidateClicked.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

This event is sent if this extension owns the active IME.

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (engineID: string, candidateID: number, button: MouseButton) => void

onDeactivated

chrome.input.ime.onDeactivated.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

This event is sent when an IME is deactivated. It signals that the IME will no longer be receiving onKeyPress events.

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (engineID: string) => void

    • engineID

      string

onFocus

chrome.input.ime.onFocus.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

This event is sent when focus enters a text box. It is sent to all extensions that are listening to this event, and enabled by the user.

Parameters

onInputContextUpdate

chrome.input.ime.onInputContextUpdate.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

This event is sent when the properties of the current InputContext change, such as the the type. It is sent to all extensions that are listening to this event, and enabled by the user.

Parameters

onKeyEvent

chrome.input.ime.onKeyEvent.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

Fired when a key event is sent from the operating system. The event will be sent to the extension if this extension owns the active IME. The listener function should return true if the event was handled false if it was not. If the event will be evaluated asynchronously, this function must return undefined and the IME must later call keyEventHandled() with the result.

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (engineID: string, keyData: KeyboardEvent, requestId: string) => boolean | undefined

    • returns

      boolean | undefined

onMenuItemActivated

chrome.input.ime.onMenuItemActivated.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

Called when the user selects a menu item

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (engineID: string, name: string) => void

    • engineID

      string

    • name

      string

onReset

chrome.input.ime.onReset.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

This event is sent when chrome terminates ongoing text input session.

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (engineID: string) => void

    • engineID

      string

onSurroundingTextChanged

chrome.input.ime.onSurroundingTextChanged.addListener(
  callback: function,
)

Called when the editable string around caret is changed or when the caret position is moved. The text length is limited to 100 characters for each back and forth direction.

Parameters

  • callback

    function

    The callback parameter looks like: (engineID: string, surroundingInfo: object) => void

    • engineID

      string

    • surroundingInfo

      object

      • anchor

        number

        The beginning position of the selection. This value indicates caret position if there is no selection.

      • focus

        number

        The ending position of the selection. This value indicates caret position if there is no selection.

      • offset

        number

        Chrome 46+

        The offset position of text. Since text only includes a subset of text around the cursor, offset indicates the absolute position of the first character of text.

      • text

        string

        The text around the cursor. This is only a subset of all text in the input field.

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